USDA weekly crop progress-first corn condition ratings high

News
May 25, 2012
by WLJ

The nation’s corn crop was 96 percent planted, 76 percent emerged and rated in 77 percent good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, May 20, according to USDA’s latest weekly crop progress report.

That compared to 75 percent planted last year and an 81 percent five-year average. Emergence was at 38 percent last year and the average is 48 percent. The crop was not far enough along last year at this time to give condition ratings.

“The first DTN Corn Condition Index of the year came in at 185 points,” said DTN Analyst John Sanow. “The DTN Corn Condition Index is running ahead of 2004 and 2009 by a comfortable margin of 10 points and 12 points, respectively. This report should be considered bearish, though traders will be closely monitoring the drying trend across key regions of the Corn Belt.”

Soybeans are 76 percent planted and 35 percent emerged, compared to 35 percent and 10 percent last year and averages of 42 percent and 13 percent, respectively.

“This report should be considered bearish,” Sanow said, “though like corn, the market will likely pay more attention to the drying trend in the Southern Plains, Delta and eastern Midwest taking some of the luster off of the potential of double-crop acres.”

Spring wheat is 99 percent planted and 86 percent emerged. That compares to 50 percent and 21 percent last year and 78 percent and 50 percent on average, respectively. Spring wheat condition, reported for the first time this week, is 74 percent good to excellent. “The DTN HRS Condition Index came in at a strong 177 points with no reading for the same time last year,” Sanow said. “This report should be considered bearish; however, traders will pay little attention as their focus remains on losses to global wheat production.”

Winter wheat harvest has begun and is 3 percent complete, compared to only 1 percent last year. Harvest is so early, a five-year average is not available for comparison. The wheat is 79 percent headed, compared to 59 percent last year and a 59 percent average. Winter wheat condition is rated 58 percent good to excellent.

“The DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index dropped as expected from last week’s 141 points to 139 points as the crop continues to mature well ahead of normal,” Sanow said. “As with the other grains, traders will have their sights set on bigger issues with most concerned over the lack of a finishing rain to bring the crop home in the Southern Plains.”

Barley is 98 percent planted compared to 60 percent last year and 81 percent on average. Emergence is 78 percent, compared to 29 percent last year and a 51 percent average.

Sorghum is 50 percent planted, compared to 36 percent last year and 35 percent on average.

Oats are 97 percent planted, compared to 70 percent last year and 86 percent on average. Emergence is 96 percent compared to 62 percent last year and 79 percent on average. Oats headed are at 38 percent compared to 34 percent last year and an average of 35 percent.

Highlights:

Colorado

The state experienced temperatures slightly above average this past week. Precipitations levels below average combined with high winds to raise concerns about soil moisture.

Topsoil moisture was rated 12 percent very short, 32 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 15 percent very short, 38 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and no surplus. On average, farmers experienced 6.5 days suitable for field work. Corn was at 94 percent planted— higher than the five-year average by 13 percentage points—and has reached 60 percent emerged. Eighty percent of the crop this week was rated good or excellent condition. Winter wheat was at 90 percent headed, far above the fiveyear average by 62 percentage points. Seven percent was reported turning color, with a majority of the crop rated in fair or good condition. Spring wheat was at 98 percent seeded and 75 percent emerged, and the majority was in good condition.

Illinois

A statewide precipitation average of 0.04 inch, 0.89 inch below average, and temperatures averaging 67.7 degrees Fahrenheit, 3.7 degrees above average, combined to give farmers 6.7 days suitable for field work. Across the state, top soil moisture was rated 4 percent very short, 29 percent short, 64 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus.

State subsoil moisture came in at 4 percent very short, 27 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Corn planting reached 99 percent, 20 percentage points above the five-year average, and 88 percent of corn has emerged, 33 percentage points above the five-year average. Seventy-nine percent of the crop was rated in good condition. Soybean planting was up to 80 percent, 43 percentage points above the five-year average, with 40 percent emerged. Ninetysix percent of wheat has headed, with 81 percent filled and 45 percent turning yellow. Eighty percent of the crop was rated in good or excellent condition.

Indiana

The state’s farmers saw 6.5 days suitable for farming this past week. Topsoil moisture was rated 7 percent very short, 36 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 5 percent very short, 30 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Corn planting was at 97 percent, 31 percentage points above the five-year average. Eighty-seven percent has emerged, 45 percentage points above the five-year average. Soybean planting was at 87 percent, more than twice the fiveyear average of 35 percent.

Sixty-two percent of soybeans have emerged, well above the five-year average of 12 percent. Ninety-three percent of winter wheat has headed, up from the fiveyear average of 53 percent.

Both corn and winter wheat saw 70 percent of the crop rated in good or excellent condition.

Iowa

The statewide precipitation was 0.15 inch, below the average of 1.05 inches, and temperatures were 6.5 degrees above average, producing 6.6 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture was rated 7 percent very short, 37 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6 percent very short, 24 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Corn planting is now 98 percent complete, with 81 percent emerged, compared with the five-year average of 92 percent planted and 59 percent emerged.

Eighty-one percent of the crop was rated in good or excellent condition. Soybean planting is now 85 percent complete, up from the fiveyear average of 60 percent, and 26 percent have emerged, up from the fiveyear average of 13 percent.

Kansas

The state saw little rain, with only 10 of 53 stations reporting 0.1 inch and 25 stations reporting none. Only one station reported above average precipitation, with 1.08 inches. Temperatures were above average in all stations, with highs in the 80s and 90s. The warm, dry weather produced an average of 6.9 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture declined last week and was rated 19 percent very short, 42 percent short, 39 percent adequate, and no surplus. Subsoil moisture also declined to 13 percent very short, 39 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and no surplus. Sixty-three percent of the state wheat crop has turned yellow, well above the five-year average of 2 percent. Wheat conditions declined from last week, with 71 percent of the crop rated fair to good. Corn planting is at 98 percent, up from the five-year average of 88 percent, and 80 percent of the crop has emerged, up from the five-year average of 54 percent. Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop was rated fair to good condition. Soybean planting was up to 64 percent, more than twice the five-year average of 30 percent. Twenty-eight percent of the crop has emerged, three times the five-year average of 7 percent.

Michigan

Six days were suitable for field work last week. Topsoil moisture levels were at 6 percent very short, 26 percent short, 63 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were at 2 percent very short, 19 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Corn was 87 percent planted and 50 percent emerged, with 88 percent in fair to good condition. Soybeans were 62 percent planted and 23 percent emerged. Forty-three percent of winter wheat has headed, with 77 percent in fair to good condition.

Minnesota

Statewide precipitation was below normal in most areas this past week, with an average of 0.6 inch. Warm weather gave farmers 6.2 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture levels declined to 2 percent very short, 17 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Soybean planting is 81 percent complete, up from the five-year average of 56 percent. Twenty-six percent of the crop was emerged. Ninety-eight percent of corn has been planted, with 76 percent emerged, well above the five-year average of 87 percent planted and 46 percent emerged. Eighty-four percent of the corn crop was rated in goodto-excellent condition. Spring wheat is fully emerged, and 15 percent is jointed.

Missouri

Statewide, temperatures averaged 4 to 7 degrees above normal, and precipitation averaged 0.02 of an inch. The warm, dry weather dropped soil moisture levels to 13 percent very short, 44 percent short, and 43 percent adequate. With corn planting nearly complete a month ahead of normal, emergence was at 88 percent, 19 days ahead of normal. Eighty-two percent of the corn crop was rated in fair-to-good condition. Soybean planting progressed to 65 percent, 20 days earlier than normal, and 28 percent has emerged, 12 days earlier than normal. Eighty-one percent of winter wheat has turned color, 23 days ahead of normal, leading some producers to begin wheat harvests last week. Seventy-two percent of the crop was rated fair-to-good condition. Cotton planting was at 79 percent, just one day ahead of normal and 98 percent of rice has emerged, 19 days ahead of normal.

Nebraska

Statewide, temperatures averaged 3 degrees above normal in the west to 6 degrees above normal in the east, with 6.4 days suitable for planting. Precipitation varied across the state, with the Northeast District receiving over 1.5 inches and the Panhandle receiving only half its normal precipitation this year. Topsoil moisture levels were 8 percent very short, 42 percent short, 49 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were 11 percent very short, 39 percent short, 49 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Corn planting was at 98 percent, with 78 percent emerged, well above the five-year average of 49 percent. Ninety-one percent of corn condition was rated fair to good. Soybean planting was at 83 percent, up from the five-year average of 54 percent, and 42 percent has emerged, far above the fiveyear average of 12 percent.

Eighty-one percent of wheat has headed, far beyond the 11 percent average, and 84 percent of the crop was rated as good to fair condition.

North Dakota

Farmers saw 6.1 days suitable for planting. Temperatures were above normal statewide. Precipitation was above normal in parts of the south-central and northeast, but below normal in the rest of the state. Topsoil moisture levels were at 2 percent very short, 25 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were at 1 percent very short, 17 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Durum was 94 percent planted, 73 percent emerged, and 5 percent jointed. Spring wheat was 99 percent planted, 90 percent emerged, and 9 percent jointed. Corn was 94 percent planted and 66 percent emerged, up from 64 percent planted and 22 percent emerged on average.

Soybeans were 84 percent planted and 17 percent emerged, well above the average of 34 percent planted, and 2 percent emerged. Ohio The average temperature statewide was 63.9 degrees, 2.2 degrees above normal and precipitation averaged 0.24 inch, 0.66 inch below normal. There were 107 modified growing degree days, 14 days above normal. Topsoil moisture was rated 1 percent very short, 15 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Corn was 94 percent planted, compared to 60 percent for the five-year average. Seventy-three percent has emerged, compared to 39 percent for the five-year average. Seventy-nine percent of the crop was in fair or good condition. Seventyfour percent of soybeans were planted, up from 37 percent for the five-year average. Thirty-seven percent of soybeans were emerged, up from the five-year average of 14 percent. Wheat was 94 percent headed and 1 percent was turning color. Seventy-five percent was in fair-to-good condition.

Oklahoma

Statewide temperatures ranged from 44 degrees in Boise City to 99 degrees in Hooker. Precipitation ranged from less than one hundredth of an inch in the southeast district to 0.7 inch in the central district. The state saw hail and isolated heavy rainfall over the weekend. Farmers had 6.4 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture levels were at 10 percent very short, 38 percent short, 50 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were at 13 percent very short, 39 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Corn was 97 percent planted and 78 percent emerged, nearly identical to the five-year average of 95 percent planted and 77 percent emerged.

Ninety-two percent of the corn crop was in good or excellent condition. Ninetyfive percent of wheat heading was in soft dough, up from the five-year average of 62 percent, and 14 percent was harvested. Seventy-five percent of the wheat crop was in good-to-excellent condition. Soybean seedbed preparation was 84 percent complete, up by 14 percentage points from the average.

Soybean planting was 46 percent complete, and 29 percent had emerged.

South Dakota

There were 6.1 days suitable for field work in the state this past week. Temperatures for the week were 4 to 11 degrees above average. Precipitation was generally above average statewide. The exceptions were in the far southeast and southwest where some stations are more than an inch below average so far. Topsoil moisture was at 3 percent very short, 16 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was at 5 percent very short, 16 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Winter wheat was at 88 percent boot and 39 percent headed. Sixty-nine percent of the wheat crop was in good-toexcellent condition. Spring wheat was at 45 percent boot and 2 percent headed. Seventy-nine percent of spring wheat was rated good to excellent. Corn is 93 percent planted with 64 percent emerged and soybeans are 65 percent planted with 20 percent emerged.

Texas

Much of the state received rainfall last week. Portions of central and south Texas received 5 inches or more while most other areas observed scattered showers.

Parts of the Low Plains and north Texas received little or no rainfall. Corn was 95 percent planted, 82 percent emerged, and 34 percent tasseled, with 81 percent in fair-to-good condition. There were several reports of problems with corn rootworms.

Soybeans were 88 percent planted and 86 percent emerged, with 87 percent in good-to-fair condition. Winter wheat was at 99 percent headed and 17 percent harvested, and 34 percent of the crop was rated fair, 26 percent good, and 21 percent poor. Problems with rust were reported in some areas.

Wisconsin

There were 6.6 days suitable for field work this past week. Statewide, average temperatures were 5 to 7 degrees above normal and precipitation totals ranged from zero inches in Eau Claire, Green Bay and La Crosse to 0.07 inch in Milwaukee. Soil moisture was rated at 3 percent very short, 27 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Corn was 83 percent planted and 37 percent emerged this week. Producers in central Wisconsin were replanting corn drowned or washed out by heavy rains. Soybeans were 47 percent planted and 6 percent emerged. — DTN

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