Research shows spike in E. Coli from feeding ethanol byproduct
Ethanol plants and livestock producers have created a symbiotic relationship. Cattle producers feed their livestock distillers grains, a byproduct of the ethanol distilling process, giving ethanol producers an added source of income.
But recent research at Kansas State University (K-State) has found that cattle fed distillers grain have an increased prevalence of E. coli 0157 in their hindgut. This particular type of E. coli is present in healthy cattle but poses a health risk to humans, who can acquire it through undercooked meat, raw dairy products and produce contaminated with cattle manure.
“Distillers grain is a good animal feed. That’s why ethanol plants are often built next to feedlots,” said T.G. Nagaraja, a professor of diagnostic medicine and pathobiology at K-State’s College of Veterinary Medicine.
The growth in ethanol plants means more cattle are likely to be fed distillers grain, therefore harboring 0157 and potentially a source of health risks to humans, Nagaraja said. That’s why he and Jim Drouillard, K-State professor of animal sciences, have been collaborating on testing distillers grain-fed cattle for 0157. Nagaraja and Drouillard, who studied the carcass quality of cattle fed distillers grain, are joined by Megan Jacob, a K-State doctoral student in pathobiology. Through three rounds of testing, Nagaraja said the prevalence of 0157 was about twice as high in cattle fed distillers grain compared with those cattle that were on a diet lacking the ethanol byproduct.
Food safety and animal health are research priorities at K-State which, since 1999, has dedicated more than $70 million on research related to animal health and food safety. More than 150 K-Staters are actively involved in these areas.
Nagaraja said research in the next few years will focus on finding out why 0157 is more prevalent in cattle fed a distillers grain diet. He said it could be something that changes in the animals’ hindgut as a result of feeding distillers grains, or maybe the byproduct provides a nutrient for the bacteria.