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Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 21, 2005
Officials with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed with WLJ last week that they are considering pulling the 20-month-and-under cattle rule from Japanese consideration if the Pacific Rim nation continues to refuse to move forward with the process to reopen its border to U.S. beef. In addition, U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said his agency may not hand over any more documentation on the BSE issue until Japan makes that “good faith effort.” “We have done everything they have asked for and more as it concerns making sure BSE has no chance of entering their country,” one USDA trade
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
McDonald's reports sales increase McDonald's Corporation last week announced a 4.4 percent increase in February for global systemwide sales, compared with February 2004. Comparable sales for McDonald's restaurants worldwide increased 1.6 percent, marking the 22nd consecutive month McDonald's has reported an increase in global comparable sales. McDonald's CEO Jim Skinner said, "The ongoing strength of the strategic U.S. menu, marketing and service initiatives, as well as strong consumer response to our nationally advertised Chicken Selects sampling event, contributed to the monthly performance.” Wendy's reports weak February Wendy's International Inc. said its same-store sales last month were down 2.4 percent, compared to February of
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Many U.S. cattle and beef market analysts Monday criticized R-CALF United Stockgrowers of America (R-CALF) for seeking a court injunction blocking imports of younger live cattle from Canada, saying that questioning the safety of Canadian cattle could hurt U.S. demand if the conditions are right. They say that by having a U.S. cattle producers group imply that Canadian cattle are suspect for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), U.S. consumers might deduce that U.S. cattle and beef is also suspect if BSE should ever show up in a domestic U.S. animal. Even though a Washington state cow was diagnosed with BSE, she was imported
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Stress is an unfortunate part of a new calf’s life. Stress on newborn calves is almost inevitable, but what if there was a means to help calves fight infection during stressful times? Agriculture Research Service scientists, as part of a national program, decided to research animal stress and have developed a formula that is proving to “give calves a boost” during transitions or other stressful times. Before the scientists could develop a formula, they first had to see whether current production practices are severely stressing animals. ARS said if the researchers found this to be the case, then the scientists wanted
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Beefnet, an Internet cash commodity exchange, announced a partnership with Union Ganaderas de Chihuahua. The Union, a cattle association in Chihuahua, Mexico, plans to market Mexican producer cattle over the Internet using the Beefnet Exchange. The complex world of purchasing cattle in Mexico has forever frustrated U.S. buyers. The development of the Internet and the ability to trade directly with the cattle owners will mean major improvements for both buyers and sellers, according to a Beefnet press release. A centralized marketplace will allow the best buyer to find the best seller resulting in improved pricing for both. Lower transactions cost created by
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
McDonald's reports sales increase McDonald's Corporation last week announced a 4.4 percent increase in February for global systemwide sales, compared with February 2004. Comparable sales for McDonald's restaurants worldwide increased 1.6 percent, marking the 22nd consecutive month McDonald's has reported an increase in global comparable sales. McDonald's CEO Jim Skinner said, "The ongoing strength of
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
A team of scientists at Hokkaido University is developing an automated device to detect BSE using blood samples from live cattle, according to the Japanese press. The team, led by Mamoru Tamura, a professor at the Research Institute for Electronic Science at the university, hopes to develop the device by this summer. Detecting BSE in young cattle has been thought to be difficult because the type of protein found in the brain of infected cows, prion, accumulates as the animals age. The scientists said the new device will pave the way for establishing a faster and more accurate testing method for the disease,
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
—If confirmed, Johnson would be first professional scientist to lead EPA President Bush elevated Stephen Johnson, the acting head of the Environmental Protection Agency, nominating him to the top job on a full-time basis March 4. Bush called Johnson “the first professional scientist to lead the EPA.” Johnson, a career government employee who has been with the agency 24 years, had become its temporary head six weeks ago. Bush announced the nomination in a ceremony in the White House Roosevelt Room. “He knows the EPA from the ground up and has a passion for its mission,” Bush said. If confirmed by the Senate,
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
What do producers get when they have a full herd of cows in one calving pasture with calves ranging from one day old to forty-one days old? University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) animal scientists say for many producers, they get calf scours. As calving season progresses, calving pastures become more populated and some calves start getting scours. However, some Nebraska researchers have been studying ways to prevent calf scours. After five years of testing their method, UNL researchers are promoting a system they believe will help producers lessen or eliminate scours, if they have previously had scour problems in their herd. Dr. David
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
The U.S. Department of Commerce announced last week that an investigation into Canadian pig imports confirmed that live hogs from north of the border were sold to the U.S. below the U.S. domestic price, and that Canadian hogs in the future should have a tariff against them of just over 10 percent. In its final ruling concerning its countervailing duty investigation, the agency said Canadian pig producers and hog exporters aren’t being provided with “countervailable subsidies,” but that the prices being paid for those pigs entering the U.S. were below U.S. costs of production. The margins of those “undercut” prices ranged
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
The Beef Checkoff Program’s continuing effort to provide product information to the Hispanic market in the United States achieved a milestone with the publication of a new, Spanish-language version of the Beef Made Easy Meat Cut Chart. The Beef Made Easy Meat Cut Chart was first developed in 1999 through the support of the Beef Checkoff Program, as a reference tool to meet the needs of both consumers and retailers. Development and promotion of the Beef Made Easy Meat Cut Chart is coordinated on behalf of the Cattlemen’s Beef Board and state beef councils by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA).
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
The fate of the U.S. beef checkoff program could be known by the end of March or first week of April, according to sources from both sides of constitutionality lawsuit. The U.S. Supreme Court could issue its decision in the case during its next set of dates set aside for announcing decisions from cases argued in late 2004. The next decisions from the court are scheduled to be announced on March 22, 23, 29, 30 and April 4. John McBride, director of information for the Livestock Marketing Association (LMA), said it has been indicated to officials with his group that a large
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Colostrum intake is critical for the newborn calf, says Greg Lardy, a North Dakota State University Extension Service beef cattle specialist. "At birth, a calf's immune system is not fully developed," he says. "The calf must rely on colostrum from the cow until its own immune system is totally functional (about 1 to 2 months of age)." Colostrum contains antibodies or immunoglobulins, necessary protection from disease. For colostrum to be most effective, Lardy recommends the calf receive 1 quart within six hours after birth and a total of 2 to 3 quarts within 12 hours of birth. After that, the calf's gut begins
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
After several victories concerning the Endangered Species Act (ESA) last year, the western ranching industry was dealt a serious blow earlier this year when a Northwest federal court judge ruled that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) violated the act when it relaxed protections on “threatened” wolves. Under the ruling from U.S. District Court Judge Robert E. Jones, Portland, OR, FWS violated the ESA when it implemented a rule allowing ranchers to shoot wolves on sight if they were attacking livestock. That new rule changed the status of several populations of wolves, both domestic and reintroduced species, to “threatened” instead of
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
— Other southern states prepping fields. — Northern harvest still incomplete. Planting of the 2005 corn crop officially became active in Texas last week, about a week to 10 days behind “normal.” However, some sources said while abnormally wet weather slowed seeding in the South, it could result in abnormally high average yields across that part of the country. USDA commodity reporters, grain market analysts and agronomists alike said the extremely wet weather in the southern third of the U.S. will improve corn yields and the overall corn harvest in that area. “Even if moisture is below normal, subsoil conditions are so good right
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Allendale Inc. is expecting Thursday's U.S. Department of Agriculture March supply and demand report to show an increase in domestic corn ending stocks. U.S. wheat ending stocks are pegged at 548 million bushels, which would be 10 million lower than the February report. Corn stocks are seen at 2.045 billion bushels, compared to 2.01 billion in the last report. Domestic soybean stocks are estimated at 455 million bushels. February's report had bean stocks at 440 million. World wheat ending stocks are estimated at 145.12 million tons, compared to 145.38 million in the previous report. Corn ending stocks are pegged at 119.42 million
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Pork, dairy, poultry and egg producers have until May 1 to decide whether to sign a consent agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. After a series of court cases, the EPA announced in January that federal air quality laws would retroactively apply to certain livestock production facilities. Applicable regulations include the Clean Air Act; Comprehensive Environmental Responses, Compensation and Liability Act; and Environmental Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act provisions. Livestock producers need to be aware of this consent agreement with the EPA and familiarize themselves with existing EPA air quality regulations, said Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska livestock bio-environmental engineer. "This issue
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Bureau of Land Management Director Kathleen Clarke announced a sale on Wednesday of 13 wild horses to Lifesavers Wild Horse Rescue, a California-based group dedicated to wild horse protection. The horses, all mares, were sold under a new law that Congress passed in December 2004. The new law directs the BLM to sell wild horses and burros that are more than 10 years old or have been unsuccessfully offered for adoption at least three times. The BLM announced its first sale of wild horses on March 1; that sale involved 200 mares and went to Wild Horses Wyoming, LLC, a southeastern
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
Bernard Vallat, the director general of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), said his group would use scientific means to help settle a beef trade dispute between Japan and the United States, according to a Reuters’ news report. Vallat added that the OIE was ready to mediate talks if both countries made the request. Japan banned imports of U.S. beef in December 2003 after the United States discovered its only case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Japan insisted that the U.S. test all of the cattle presented for slaughter for BSE. In October 2004, the two countries agreed to resume shipments of
Cattle Market & Farm Reports, Editorials
by WLJ
Mar 14, 2005
A general agreement that a U.S. cattle identification and traceability system should be mandatory with a goal of 100-percent compliance was reached by more than 200 industry leaders attending the 2005 International Livestock Congress March 2-3 in Houston, TX. The group, consisting of cattlemen, academics, trade associations, industry service providers, government representatives, and international guests, agreed that the system should be electronic with limited and controlled access to data by governments, as well as begin with the birth of calves and extend to packing plants, and should initially focus on providing the necessary information to contain animal health crises. Following presentations outlining
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