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by WLJ
2005 March 14
What do producers get when they have a full herd of cows in one calving pasture with calves ranging from one day old to forty-one days old? University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) animal scientists say for many producers, they get calf scours. As calving season progresses, calving pastures become more populated and some calves start getting scours. However, some Nebraska researchers have been studying ways to prevent calf scours. After five years of testing their method, UNL researchers are promoting a system they believe will help producers lessen or eliminate scours, if they have previously had scour problems in their herd. Dr. David
by WLJ
2005 March 14
The U.S. Department of Commerce announced last week that an investigation into Canadian pig imports confirmed that live hogs from north of the border were sold to the U.S. below the U.S. domestic price, and that Canadian hogs in the future should have a tariff against them of just over 10 percent. In its final ruling concerning its countervailing duty investigation, the agency said Canadian pig producers and hog exporters aren’t being provided with “countervailable subsidies,” but that the prices being paid for those pigs entering the U.S. were below U.S. costs of production. The margins of those “undercut” prices ranged
by WLJ
2005 March 14
The Beef Checkoff Program’s continuing effort to provide product information to the Hispanic market in the United States achieved a milestone with the publication of a new, Spanish-language version of the Beef Made Easy Meat Cut Chart. The Beef Made Easy Meat Cut Chart was first developed in 1999 through the support of the Beef Checkoff Program, as a reference tool to meet the needs of both consumers and retailers. Development and promotion of the Beef Made Easy Meat Cut Chart is coordinated on behalf of the Cattlemen’s Beef Board and state beef councils by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA).
by WLJ
2005 March 14
The fate of the U.S. beef checkoff program could be known by the end of March or first week of April, according to sources from both sides of constitutionality lawsuit. The U.S. Supreme Court could issue its decision in the case during its next set of dates set aside for announcing decisions from cases argued in late 2004. The next decisions from the court are scheduled to be announced on March 22, 23, 29, 30 and April 4. John McBride, director of information for the Livestock Marketing Association (LMA), said it has been indicated to officials with his group that a large
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Colostrum intake is critical for the newborn calf, says Greg Lardy, a North Dakota State University Extension Service beef cattle specialist. "At birth, a calf's immune system is not fully developed," he says. "The calf must rely on colostrum from the cow until its own immune system is totally functional (about 1 to 2 months of age)." Colostrum contains antibodies or immunoglobulins, necessary protection from disease. For colostrum to be most effective, Lardy recommends the calf receive 1 quart within six hours after birth and a total of 2 to 3 quarts within 12 hours of birth. After that, the calf's gut begins
by WLJ
2005 March 14
After several victories concerning the Endangered Species Act (ESA) last year, the western ranching industry was dealt a serious blow earlier this year when a Northwest federal court judge ruled that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) violated the act when it relaxed protections on “threatened” wolves. Under the ruling from U.S. District Court Judge Robert E. Jones, Portland, OR, FWS violated the ESA when it implemented a rule allowing ranchers to shoot wolves on sight if they were attacking livestock. That new rule changed the status of several populations of wolves, both domestic and reintroduced species, to “threatened” instead of
by WLJ
2005 March 14
— Other southern states prepping fields. — Northern harvest still incomplete. Planting of the 2005 corn crop officially became active in Texas last week, about a week to 10 days behind “normal.” However, some sources said while abnormally wet weather slowed seeding in the South, it could result in abnormally high average yields across that part of the country. USDA commodity reporters, grain market analysts and agronomists alike said the extremely wet weather in the southern third of the U.S. will improve corn yields and the overall corn harvest in that area. “Even if moisture is below normal, subsoil conditions are so good right
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Allendale Inc. is expecting Thursday's U.S. Department of Agriculture March supply and demand report to show an increase in domestic corn ending stocks. U.S. wheat ending stocks are pegged at 548 million bushels, which would be 10 million lower than the February report. Corn stocks are seen at 2.045 billion bushels, compared to 2.01 billion in the last report. Domestic soybean stocks are estimated at 455 million bushels. February's report had bean stocks at 440 million. World wheat ending stocks are estimated at 145.12 million tons, compared to 145.38 million in the previous report. Corn ending stocks are pegged at 119.42 million
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Pork, dairy, poultry and egg producers have until May 1 to decide whether to sign a consent agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. After a series of court cases, the EPA announced in January that federal air quality laws would retroactively apply to certain livestock production facilities. Applicable regulations include the Clean Air Act; Comprehensive Environmental Responses, Compensation and Liability Act; and Environmental Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act provisions. Livestock producers need to be aware of this consent agreement with the EPA and familiarize themselves with existing EPA air quality regulations, said Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska livestock bio-environmental engineer. "This issue
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Bureau of Land Management Director Kathleen Clarke announced a sale on Wednesday of 13 wild horses to Lifesavers Wild Horse Rescue, a California-based group dedicated to wild horse protection. The horses, all mares, were sold under a new law that Congress passed in December 2004. The new law directs the BLM to sell wild horses and burros that are more than 10 years old or have been unsuccessfully offered for adoption at least three times. The BLM announced its first sale of wild horses on March 1; that sale involved 200 mares and went to Wild Horses Wyoming, LLC, a southeastern
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Bernard Vallat, the director general of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), said his group would use scientific means to help settle a beef trade dispute between Japan and the United States, according to a Reuters’ news report. Vallat added that the OIE was ready to mediate talks if both countries made the request. Japan banned imports of U.S. beef in December 2003 after the United States discovered its only case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Japan insisted that the U.S. test all of the cattle presented for slaughter for BSE. In October 2004, the two countries agreed to resume shipments of
by WLJ
2005 March 14
A general agreement that a U.S. cattle identification and traceability system should be mandatory with a goal of 100-percent compliance was reached by more than 200 industry leaders attending the 2005 International Livestock Congress March 2-3 in Houston, TX. The group, consisting of cattlemen, academics, trade associations, industry service providers, government representatives, and international guests, agreed that the system should be electronic with limited and controlled access to data by governments, as well as begin with the birth of calves and extend to packing plants, and should initially focus on providing the necessary information to contain animal health crises. Following presentations outlining
by WLJ
2005 March 14
A U.S. District Court judge recently denied a request for a preliminary injunction against USDA’s ban against Canadian live cattle 30 months or older. Judge John Garrett Penn’s ruling may end American Meat Institute’s (AMI) lawsuit asking for the U.S. Canadian border to be reopened to all types of Canadian cattle and beef. However, AMI officials were awaiting Penn’s written order to see if there were any avenues of appeal worth pursuing. As of press time last Thursday, Penn had still not released his written ruling denying the injunction request. Legal sources, however, said Penn’s decision probably was based on the previous week’s
by WLJ
2005 March 14
— USDA awaiting appeal to Ninth Circuit. — Court case timeline still unknown. In his written order granting a temporary injunction against reopening the border to Canadian live cattle, U.S. District Judge Richard Cebull, Billings, MT, indicated the group filing the legal challenge against USDA’s final import rule appears to have some standing in its arguments. In his analysis, Cebull indicated he addressed the question, “Is plaintiff substantially likely to prevail on the merits?” Within that analysis Cebull’s order indicated he addressed several sub-questions that led him to grant the temporary restraining order, which was requested by R-CALF United Stockgrowers of America (R-CALF). Among
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Time is running out to enter the 26th National Beef Cook-Off. Family chefs are encouraged to show off their “skill-ets” in the kitchen and submit their favorite beef recipes by March 31. This summer, 20 amateur family chefs will be notified that their beef recipes have made them national finalists. The finalists will compete Sept. 19-21 in Rapid City, SD for the $50,000 “Best of Beef” grand prize and eight other cash prizes. More than $100,000 will be awarded. On behalf of the Cattlemen’s Beef Board and the Federation of State Beef Councils, the American National CattleWomen, Inc. are partnering with retail
by WLJ
2005 March 14
On March 1, Democrats in the Indiana House of Representatives walked out, effectively bringing the legislative session to a halt and resulting in the procedural death of over 130 bills. Several key pieces of agricultural legislation were lost. Funding for a new Colts stadium and a provision to move the state to daylight savings time were also among the measures that died. The director of the soon-to-be Department of Agriculture blasted House Democrats for not showing up to do their work and, in effect, killing the bills that would have directly benefitted Hoosier farmers and ag producers. “The House Democrats played games, and
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Support for AFBF waning Dear Editor: We are very disappointed with the American Farm Bureau Federation for their opposition to the ruling by the U.S. District Court for the District of Montana that imposes a temporary injunction on re-establishing trade with Canada for live cattle younger than 30 months of age. Our fourth generation family ranch has been very active with Farm Bureau for over 60 years and we feel that they have really let the U.S. cattle ranching industry down! The Canadian border needs to be closed until we have ALL our beef export markets are open and the safety of the
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Allen Green, state conservationist of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and Lewis Frank, state executive director of the Farm Service Agency (FSA), recently announced the availability $2 million dollars for the Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) in Colorado. The GRP is designed to help landowners protect grasslands from conversion to other uses and to support continued stewardship on viable, working ranch lands. Applications received through March 25 will be considered for the limited 2005 funding. “Land eligibility is fairly straightforward,” said Dennis Alexander, assistant state conservationist for programs. “Land to be enrolled in the program must be grassland, contain forbs or shrubland, or
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Arizona cattleman, Swayze McCraine of Prescott was named 2005 Cattleman of the Year by the Arizona Hereford Association at ceremonies opening the organization’s 31st annual bull sale during Cattlemen’s weekend. McCraine, raised in Baton Rouge, LA, and a Louisiana State University animal science degree graduate, worked for Great Plains Western Corporation a mutli-faceted company with ranches in six states. He became vice president in five years. In 1978 he took over his family’s ranching operation in Mississippi, raising registered Brangus and commercial cattle. Six years later he moved to Prescott to be involved with his wife’s family ranch. In 1986 the Arizona
by WLJ
2005 March 14
Arizona cattleman, Swayze McCraine of Prescott was named 2005 Cattleman of the Year by the Arizona Hereford Association at ceremonies opening the organization’s 31st annual bull sale during Cattlemen’s weekend. McCraine, raised in Baton Rouge, LA, and a Louisiana State University animal science degree graduate, worked for Great Plains Western Corporation a mutli-faceted company with ranches in six states. He became vice president in five years. In 1978 he took over his family’s ranching operation in Mississippi, raising registered Brangus and commercial cattle. Six years later he moved to Prescott to be involved with his wife’s family ranch. In 1986 the Arizona


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